The Bologna Process

The Bologna Process was a Europe-wide movement involving 47 national higher education systems, including Ireland. The process was designed to enhance the quality of higher education across Europe, the mobility of students, and the employability of graduates. The process started in 1999 and ended formally in 2010, resulting in the creation of the “European Higher Education Area”.

For an overview of the Bologna Process and all associated conferences, publications, declarations etc., please see

The main areas of impact in Ireland over this period, and which remain important for innovation and quality in teaching and learning, include: